Monday, September 26, 2016

12 Notes of Saptak, सप्तक के 12 स्वर

12 Notes of Saptak, सप्तक के 12 स्वर

As you have learnt C D E...  In India it is Sa Re Ga Ma.... All these notes are derived from the voice of some animals and birds: Comparision of CDEF to SaReGaMa:

C = Sa= सा   Full name Shadaj   षडज  It is derived from voice of Peacock  मोर
D = Re= रे    Full name Rishabh रिषभ  It is derived from  voice of Papiha पपीहा
E = Ga=    Full name Gandhar  गन्धार It is derived from  voice of Goat बकरा
F = Ma=    Full name Madhyam मध्यम  It is derived from voice of Crane (बगुला )
G = Pa=     Full name Pancham पंचम  It is derived from  voice of Koccoo ( Koyal कोयल )
A = Dha=   Full name Dhaiwat  धैवत It is derived from  voice of Frog दादुर या मेंढक
B = Ni= नि    ( नि =नी)   Full name Nishad   निषाद  It is derived from  voice of Elephant हाथी
C = Sa= सां (Higher Sa)

C# or Db = Re = रे 
D# or Eb = Ga =
F# = Ma*= मे
G# or Ab = Dha=
A#  or Bb = Ni = नि
All notes underlined are called Komal Swar as Komal Re Komal Ga Komal Dha Komal Ni.  One note Ma* is called Tivra Ma
Sequence of the notes are
C  C#  D  D# E  F  F# G  G#  A   A# B  C'
Sa  Re    Re Ga   Ga Ma Ma' Pa  Dha Dha Ni    Ni  Sa'
सा रे     रे      ग  म  मे        ध    नि   नि सां
Sa and Pa are Shudha Swar they do not have any Komal or Tivra. They are fixed notes as per North Indian music tradition.
Yes what I am telling is as per North Indian music system
Play Twinkle Twinkle in Sa Re Ga Ma as I play.

 http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-IP1VV4XXTew/T6zMZfv2xYI/AAAAAAAAAaw/eFTVPfF1ogI/s1600/Twinkle%2BTwinkle.JPG

2 comments:

  1. good notes for beginner very helpful, but i m looking for one step further as how to understand which chord needs to be played according to notations we play.. also if you can help me with most used chords, ill be greatfull..
    thanks & regards

    ReplyDelete